Large bowel resection
This surgery removes all or part of your large bowel (also known as a colectomy). The large bowel connects the small intestine to the anus. Large bowel resection is used to treat many conditions, including:
- A blockage in the intestine due to scar tissue
- Colon cancer
- Diverticular disease (disease of the large bowel)
Most people who have a large bowel resection recover fully. Even with a colostomy, most people are able to do the activities they were doing before their surgery. This includes most sports, travel, gardening, hiking, other outdoor activities, and most types of work.
Small bowel resection
This surgery removes part or all of your small bowel (small intestine) when it is blocked or diseased.
Most digestion (breaking down and absorbing nutrients) of the food you eat takes place in the small intestine. The surgery can be performed laparoscopically or with open surgery.
Small bowel resection is used to treat:
- A blockage in the intestine caused by scar tissue or congenital (from birth) deformities
- Bleeding, infection, or ulcers caused by inflammation of the small intestine. Conditions that may cause inflammation include regional ileitis, regional enteritis, and Crohn's disease
- Carcinoid tumor
- Meckel's diverticulum
- Noncancerous (benign) tumors
- Precancerous polyps
Most people who have a small bowel resection recover fully. Even with an ileostomy, most people are able to do the activities they were doing before their surgery. This includes most sports, travel, gardening, hiking, and other outdoor activities, and most types of work. If a large part of your small intestine was removed, you may have problems with loose stools and getting enough nutrients from the food you eat.